China’s Geography Problem

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Animation by Josh Sherrington (
Sound by Graham Haerther (
Thumbnail by Joe Cieplinski (

This video was partially inspired by a chapter in Tim Marshall’s “Prisoners of Geography”:

Tibet highway photo by Matteo Melchior
Potala Palace photo courtesy Ondřej Žváček

Music: “Thoughtful” by Lee Rosevere and “Saver” by Podington Bear/Sound of Picture

Big thanks to Patreon supporters: Kevin Song,
Kevin Song, David Cichowski, Andy Tran, Victor Zimmer, Paul Jihoon Choi, Dylan Benson, M van Kasbergen, Etienne Dechamps, Adil Abdulla, Arunabh Chattopadhyay, Ieng Chi Hin, Ken Rutabana, John Johnston, Connor J Smith, Rob Harvey, Arkadiy Kulev, Hagai Bloch Gadot, Aitan Magence, Eyal Matsliah, Sihien Goh, Joseph Bull, Marcelo Alves Vieira, Hank Green, Plinio Correa, Brady Bellini

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Comment (21,379)

  1. I'm not so sure that Vietnam, Laos, etc would have an easy time actively invading China. They've got a massive defensive advantage, sure, but if any of those countries march north… where are they going to go? It's a long way to Beijing.

  2. As a westerner, I'm cheering through the entirety of the video for India and the neighboring countries; I really hope they win the future conflicts with China. I also hope that Taiwan is officially recognized as the true China in a not too distant future. China, with the CCP at the helm, are simply too dangerous to be allowed to continue to exist in their current state.

  3. so much fucking propaganda i stg please get better education. The Tibetan people hang up portraits of Mao cause he liberated them from the slave owner Dalai Lama

  4. No, the Vietnam war lasted so long because defense contractors were making tons of money off of it, and they bribed our politicians to keep it going. Same thing is happening today with the war in Afghanistan.

  5. Geography is NOT a problem for China and in fact it’s been great for China. 95% of all countries have a bigger geography problem than China. So many issues with this video but here are a few:

    1. Already mentioned in the video, China has a lot of fertile land.

    2. Borders with Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar are NOT problems for China. While the mountainous terrain does make it hard for China to invade Southeast Asia, China is also very mountainous in that area. So how can you say it’s a problem for China when China also has the same geography? This is only a problem if China wants to invade those ‘jungle countries’.

    3. Tibet (Himalayan Mountains), Gobi desert protect and mountains along Vietnam/Laos/Myanmar protect China from the south and west. Again, these are GREAT for defense of China. It does make it harder to invade those countries – but that’s almost always the case. If you argue some border is great for invading, it likely means it’s weak for defending. Rarely will a border be great for invading and great for defending.

    4. The pacific ocean allows distance between China and the US. I guess the argument in this video is that any access to the ocean is a bad geography problem – but it’s access to the pacific ocean is why it’s been a great export nation.

  6. It’s a shame this video got 10m views, it literally just packed false information in a convincing way and people believe it smh

  7. soooo much bullshit spewed here !
    3:04 MUST HAVE BEEN " ccp APPROVED " script !
    it's such CRAP & DECEIT in one !
    HEADS UP , ccp – " PAID-LIPS "
    Tibet was TAKEN OVER BY CHINA 300 YRS AGO ???
    TRY IN THE 1950'S
    THOSE MURDEROUS PSYCHOS on a mission !

    yup !
    paid-lips spewing deceit & someone else's VERY DARK agendas !

  8. China has been at wars with all the countries around and shared borders with them since ancient times. The Han people of northern China have been invaded the southern parts of China and annihilated all the tribes and small nations there in orders to annexed those fertile lands. Now they still expanding every where to gulping up other’s countries lands and seas. They always start the war with their neighbors and acted like they are the victims. Fuck the bastard greed china.

  9. We have many citizens here in Taiwan who want to be re-united with China our motherland but are suppressed by the current Tsai government. It has been threatening these citizens with newly passed Social Order Maintenance Law and constant propaganda of bad-China news. The ruling party is actually controlled by a core of very militant and radical wealthy elite group underneath. They just choose a mild looking female professor as a facade to fool the citizens. She got elected in 2016 due to division in her rival party KMT. But after only two years of her unstable rule in the mid-term local election in 2018 her party suffered big loss. When it came to her own re-election in 2020, there were so many irregularities and new changes that left many voters in doubt of the outcome of her re-election and pointed out how pre-stamped ballots could get in the collection boxes. But soon the government clamped down the videos on YouTube.
    How about the media in Taiwan? They have long been reined in by the NCC department which dictates which media obtain license or not. This agency was set up in the first corrupted government in 2002 in a way that its original commissioners who tend to be strong anti-China will never get replaced by whoever is in power. So you can imagine the unfair treatment of news in Taiwan media. Their exaggerated negative reports of China often get laughed by who are familiar with China and nativrChinese.
    Now when you physically in Taiwan search on Google by key words of anything about politics and China, the current government's views tend to come up first. The negative sides or critical views tend to get limited exposure or even get truncated and disappear. This is due to the almighty Tang Feng, the so called Digital Minister of Taiwan !Don't believe me? Simply come to Taiwan and proclaim yourself to be pro-China on YouTube or on any Internet websites, and wait to see the result.

  10. Study Chinese history first please. Tibet has long been Chinese colony in essence. Who became Tibet Lama has long been decided by Chinese emperors since local rivalry has been intense. The famous marriage of Wen Cheng princess to the Tibet lord in 690 A. D. in Tang Dynasty is a huge event at that era and clearly recorded in history.


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